After pardon, jailed for failure to pay taxes, violation of immigration laws
|Melvin “Mel” Reynolds is a
former Democratic representative from Illinois. In 1994 Reynolds was
indicted for sexual assault and criminal sexual abuse for engaging in sexual
relations with a 16 year old volunteer during his 1992 campaign. He
continued his campaign as he was lacking opposition and denied the charges
with a claim that they were racially driven. In August of 1995 he was
convicted on 12 counts of sexual assault, obstruction of justice and
solicitation of child pornography. He was sentenced to 5 years in prison and
resigned his seat later in the year.
With only 1 year left of his sentence, he was convicted on 16 counts of bank fraud, misusing campaign funds and lying to FEC investigators. He was sentenced to an additional 78 months in federal prison. With still 2 years left to serve, he was pardoned by former president Bill Clinton.
In February 2014 Reynolds was arrested in Zimbabwe for overstaying his visa and was found in possession of pornography which is a crime in the country. He had allegedly accumulated over $24,000 in hotel charges that he had yet to pay. The pornography charges were dropped, but he pled guilty to violating immigration laws and was deported to South Africa. He claimed to be hiding out there from Zimbabwean death squads. His conspiracy was that he was being targeted due to information he held regarding an American company based in Chicago doing illegal business in Zimbabwe.
In June of 2015 it was announced that Reynolds had been indicted for failure to file federal income tax from 2009 to 2012. The sentence for a conviction is up to one year in prison and $250,000 in fines for each of the four counts. Just one month later, Reynolds missed his arraignment. Lawyers stated that he was unable to enter the U.S. due to his daughter’s health. He returned in April of 2016 two weeks after he promised. He was immediately taken into custody and is awaiting trial. There is no set date and Reynolds, who is representing himself, has asked for a change in judges because he believes the judge appointed is biased against him.
Went back into the business that put him in jail.
|Almon Glenn Braswell was a
small business owner who has since died under mysterious circumstances. He
founded Gero Vita International and was convicted for failure to pay
millions in federal income tax and was ostracized for his claims to cure
hair loss. However, Braswell was most known for being one of 140 individuals
pardoned by Bill Clinton.
As a result of hair loss, Braswell investigated possible causes and cures for his condition. After being prescribed a vitamin treatment that he stated would choke a horse, he started Cosvetics laboratory in order to sell Head Start vitamins on the side. In 1970, as profits grew, he quit his job at Lockheed and started selling vitamins full time and doing ads for TV Guide. He continued his escapades in a manner that is now parallel to infomercial programs.
Braswell’s ads did not outright claim to cure hair loss, but the FDA still considered them bordering on fraud. However, the vitamin company did not break any laws outright. The ingredients were legal for consumption and the advertising was not a 100% cure for baldness. The company was using the “patterned baldness” loophole so the FDA found there was nothing they could do.
However, in 1983 Braswell was convicted of mail fraud and perjury in relation to false claims as well as being charged with tax fraud by the US Attorney General. Cosvetics laboratory was not directly charged and Braswell was sent to a minimum security prison in Kentucky for 3 years.
President Bill Clinton pardoned Braswell on his last day in office. It was later discovered that Clinton’s brother in law had been paid $200,000 by Braswell to lobby for the pardon, but Hugh Rodham later returned the money.
In 2003 Braswell was arrested again and charged with owing the IRS $10.5 million in taxes and received an 18 month prison sentence while his company Gero Vita has been taken to court by the Federal Trade Commission.
Braswell was found dead on October 28 2006 at his Miami Beach condominium. His mother in law claimed in the obituary that Braswell had retreated into seclusion after his pardon yet all records show he continued to run his business until his death. Investigators ruled the death to be of natural causes. However, his brother Joel Braswell claimed that his brother had been poisoned and he had the body cryogenically frozen.
tax evasion, illegal deals with Iraan, had to pay $90 million in taxes, gave Clinton's a donation.
|Marc Rich: In a New York
Times editorial, the pardon of Marc Rich was called “a shocking abuse of
presidential power” and the pardon still continued to play big even after
Rich’s death. Marc Rich was an international trader, hedge fund manager,
financier and businessman. He founded the commodities company Glencore and
was indicted on federal charges of tax evasion as well as making illegal
deals with Iran on oil deals during the Iranian hostage crisis. He was one
of the 140 people pardoned on Clinton’s controversial last day in office.
His US legal predicaments go back to 1983 when Rich and his partner Pincus Green were indicted on 65 criminal counts including tax evasion, wire fraud, racketeering and trading with Iran during the oil embargo. The cumulative charges would have given him a sentence of over 300 years if found guilty. It was the biggest tax evasion case of the time and prosecuted by future New York mayor Rudy Giuliani. However, Rich fled to Switzerland insisting on his innocence and never returned to the United States.
Rich’s companies eventually pled guilty to multiple charges and paid $90 million in fines. However, Rich himself remained on the FBI’s most wanted list for many years. He scarcely evaded capture in Britain, Germany, Finland and Jamaica. He was so fearful of arrest that he refused to return to the US for his daughter’s funeral in 1996.
Even Clinton’s closest supporters distanced themselves when he gave Rich a pardon during his last hours in office. Fellow Democrat and former President Jimmy Carter went as far as to say “I don’t think there is any doubt that some of the factors in his pardon were attributable to his large gifts. In my opinion, that was disgraceful.” Clinton later admitted that he regretted the decision.
The controversial pardon was again revisited in January of 2016 for the 15th anniversary of Clinton’s last day in office. Many big political names still discuss their disappointment and outright anger over the decision – even by his supporters. Congressmen Barney Frank stated “it was a real betrayal … of all who had been strongly supportive of him to do something this unjustified.”
The pardon smelled of pay-off and continues to tarnish Bill Clinton’s reputation to this day. While the pardon may have been a political mistake, it seems to have been a financially sound one. In the years following the scandal, funds from those connected to Rich and his company continued to find their way into the Clinton coffers. Friends, lawyers and business partners of Rich have donated millions to the Clinton’s since the pardon was granted.
Whitewater partner with Clintons, convicted, went to jail, pardoned by Bill
|Susan McDougal was one of
the few individuals to actually serve time regarding the Whitewater
controversy. During the grand jury trial, McDougal stated her full name and
refused to answer any other questions.
McDougal and then husband Jim were partners with the Clintons during the failed Whitewater real estate venture. Jim was encouraging Susan to testify against the Clintons but she eventually refused to answer the questions regarding whether or not she believed Clinton’s testimony was true regarding an illegal loan. McDougal was convicted of her role in Whitewater in 1996 and was sentenced to spend time in prison on four counts of fraud and conspiracy. She was among the many pardoned by President Clinton.
From September of 1996 to March of 1998, McDougal spent the maximum possible sentence of 18 months for civil contempt and was subject to diesel therapy – the act of hauling defendants around the country and relocating them to various jails along the way. She began serving her 2 year sentence for her conviction directly after the 18 month stretch. After serving four months, she was released for medical reasons. After that release her embezzlement trial began in California. In 1998 she was acquitted of all 12 charges.
McDougal became an advocate for prison reform after her release. She has since written the book “The Woman Who Wouldn’t Talk” where she explained “she feared being accused of perjury” because the jury had accepted other’s lies as the truth. She is currently serving as the chaplain at the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences. She has said that it was an interest sparked by her time served in prison.
Susan McDougal’s ex-husband, Jim McDougal was a key witness in the whitewater investigation. He died in prison in 1998, but not before firing off a few more accusations of pay-off.
Was Deputy Dir of Defense, Director CIA, his computer had classified info on it. Now a professor at MIT.
|John Deutch was the Deputy
Secretary of Defense from 1994 to 1995 and director of the CIA from May of
1995 to December of 1996. He also held multiple positions within the
Department of Energy from 1977 to 1980.
Duetch reluctantly accepted the position of Director of Central Intelligence. He continued his predecessor’s policy to declassify records pertaining to US covert operations during the Cold War. Duetch had a fall out with the Clinton’s over his testimony he gave to Congress regarding Iraq. Deutch felt that the CIA may never be able to remedy the situation and Clinton dismissed him after being re-elected.
When Duetch left the CIA in December of 1996 it was soon discovered that several of his laptop computers contained mass information that was labeled unclassified but was indeed classified. In January of 1997 the CIA began an official investigation into the classification scandal.
The CIA seemed to be unable to fully investigate the potential security breach, but over the two years after Deutch left the department, the case was handed over to the Department of Justice. Attorney General Janet Reno declined to prosecute but did recommend an investigation to determine whether or not Deutch should maintain his security clearance.
Deutch had agreed to plead guilty to a misdemeanor for mishandling government information. He was in the middle of negotiating a plea agreement when he was pardoned by Bill Clinton. The Justice Department was unable to open up a file against him.
Duetch is now a professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he earned his Bachelor of Science and his PhD in Chemistry. He has served as chairman of the Department of Chemistry, dean of Science, and Provost. He also serves on the Board of Directors of Citigroup, Cummins, Raytheon, and Schlumberger Ltd.
In 2007 he was elected into the American Philosophical Society and is a member of the National Petroleum Council. Deutch was appointed to the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board in 2013, serving on an independent advisory committee to the Obama’s administration’s Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz.